Orthodontics is the solution to crooked teeth. Whatever be the problem either crowded teeth or spacing between teeth or some kind of habits that are detrimental to the teeth, orthodontic treatment is the key to solve all such problems. The orthodontist first analyses the severity of the problem and comes up with a treatment plan. The plan involves the necessary equipment for the treatment, required tooth movement and the steps that will be required. Phase wise planning is necessary. Each step and the ramifications mus be discussed in detail with the doctor. The cost involved in the treatment procedure should also be talked about. There are several varieties of treatment modalities available in the market and each has a different cost. You can choose what you want and what cost suits you. All treatments that use invisible brackets or invisible aligners or lingual orthodontics are comparatively costlier.
Orthodontic treatment takes approximately 1.5 – 2 years for correction and proper alignment of teeth in the arch. For comprehensive orthodontic treatment, most commonly, metal wires are inserted into brackets which can be made from stainless steel or a more aesthetic dental material. These days tooth coloured brackets are preferred by the people. Both of these components help to move teeth into the desired positions. The other components used in orthodontics are bands which are fitted onto the molars for providing anchorage for the movements of the teeth. Various coloured rubber band are used to retain wire inside the brackets. Elastics apply steady pressure on the teeth and pull them in the direction of force.
During the time of the treatment it is necessary to take care of your teeth and gum health. Food and debris gets collected in the braces and wires. The bacteria also thrive over these dirty teeth an cause gum infection and inflammation. It is therefore, extremely necessary to take good care of your teeth, brush and floss properly to avoid plaque build-up. The doctors usually prescribe different kinds of brushes that clean in between the braces and in the interdental areas.
The conventional braces were made of metal. They are socket like structures that are attached to the tooth. The glue that is used to stick these brackets is a resinous material. The tooth is first etched and small micropores are created on the teeth into which the resin flows into and creates mechanical locking. It is applied on to the bracket as well as the tooth and the chemical reaction is carried out by means of photosensitization. The bracket then sticks to the tooth surface. Into the socket of the bracket the wire gets entangled and connections are made. The entire assembly of the wires and brackets apply pressure on the tooth and make it move as required. Accessory materials like rings, springs, elastics etc can also be applied to help in the tooth movement.